This assessment of modern Iranian visual culture from the 1960s and 1970s suggests that modernity in Iran was a creative, complex and contested process. Picturing Iran examines the expression of Iranian modernity in a variety of media including painting, sculpture, photography, posters and graphic arts. The contributors address changes in the iconography of Iranian art and the increasingly social role of the artist. Ultimately, these patterns of artistic production influenced the art that accompanied the Iranian Revolution of 1979. This groundbreaking book demonstrates that the visual arts serve as an important record of a critical period in Iranian history.